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6. Leopold II of Belgium Cruel Person


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World Top 10 Cruel Person ::-- 1.Josef Stalin|| 2.Adolf Hitler|| 3.Ivan IV of Russia|| 4.Vlad Ţepeş|| 5.Pol Pot|| 6.Leopold II of Belgium|| 7.Idi Amin Dada|| 8.Ruhollah Khomeini|| 9.Maximilien Robespierre|| 10.Attila The Huns||


Leopold II of Belgium

Leopold II was King of Belgium from 1865-1909.With financial assistance from the government, Leopold create “Congo Free State”, a private projectundertaken to extract rubber and ivory in the Congo central Africa, which relies on forced labor and caused the death of about 3 million people of Congo.
Regime of the Congo Free State became an international notorious scandal of century turn. Part of land privately owned by the King is 76 times larger than Belgium, which he mastered as a free private sphere through his personal army, Force Publique. Leopold’s Rubber plantation workers torture, maim and massacre cruelly until the end of the century.Because of the conscience of the Western World, Brussels force to a halt.



Leopold II of Belgium Biography

Leopold II (French: Léopold Louis Philippe Marie Victor, Dutch: Leopold Lodewijk Filips Maria Victor) (9 April 1835 – 17 December 1909) was the second king of the Belgians. Born in Brussels the second (but eldest surviving) son of Leopold I and Louise-Marie of Orléans, he succeeded his father to the throne on 17 December 1865 and remained king until his death.



Leopold is chiefly remembered as the founder and sole owner of the Congo Free State, a private project undertaken on his own behalf. He used Henry Morton Stanley to help him lay claim to the Congo, an area now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Powers[clarification needed] at the Berlin Conference in its final Act in 1885, committed the State to improving the lives of the inhabitants. From the beginning, however, Leopold essentially ignored these conditions and ran the Congo brutally, using a mercenary force, for his own personal gain. He extracted a fortune from the Congo, initially by the collection of ivory, and after a rise in the price of rubber in the 1890s, by forcing the population to collect sap from rubber plants. His harsh regime was directly or indirectly responsible for the death of millions of people. The Congo became one of the most infamous international scandals of the early 20th century, and Leopold was ultimately forced to relinquish control of it to the government of Belgium.


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Legacy

Though unpopular at the end of his reign — his funeral cortege was booed — Leopold II is remembered today by many Belgians as the "Builder King" (Koning-Bouwer in Dutch, le Roi-Bâtisseur in French) because he commissioned a great number of buildings and urban projects, mainly in Brussels, Ostend and Antwerp. These buildings include the Royal Glasshouses in the grounds of the Palace at Laken, the Japanese Tower, the Chinese Pavilion, the Musée du Congo (now called the Royal Museum for Central Africa), and their surrounding park in Tervuren, the Cinquantenaire in Brussels, and the 1895-1905 Antwerpen-Centraal railway station. He also built an important country estate in Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat on the French Riviera, including the Villa des Cèdres, which is now a botanical garden. These were all built using the profits from the Congo. In 1900, he created the Royal Trust, by which means he donated most of his property to the Belgian nation.
After the King transferred his private colony to Belgium, there was, as Adam Hochschild puts it in King Leopold's Ghost, a "Great Forgetting". Hochschild records that, on his visit to the colonial Royal Museum for Central Africa in the 1990s, there was no mention of the atrocities committed in the Congo Free State, despite the museum's large collection of colonial objects. Another example of this "Great Forgetting" may be found on the boardwalk of Blankenberge, a popular coastal resort, where a monument shows a colonialist bringing "civilization" to the black child at his feet. In 2004, an activist group cut off the hand of a Congolese bronze figure, one of a multi-figure group in a 1931 sculptural monument to Leopold II on the beach in Ostend, in protest against the Congo atrocities.

 

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