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          Jaichand of Kannauj

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Jaichand was the Rajput ruler of Kannauj. He was the father of Sanyogita, Prithvi Raj Chauhan's wife. Jaichand was the name of the last ruler of Kannauj belonging to the Rathore dynasty.

 

 

Sources

Prithviraj Raso, a ballad with doubtful historical veracity, provides some clues about Jaichand's personality and relationship with Prithviraj Chauhan. Other sources include inscriptions and other accounts of the Battle of Tarain.

History

Jaichand, ruled the north Indian kingdom of Kannauj during the reign of Prithvi Raj Chauhan. According to Prithviraj Raso, he had enmity with the ruler of Delhi and this grew further when his daughter Samyogita married Chauhan against his wish.

Role in the battle of Tarain

According to Prithviraj Raso, in the Battle of Tarain, when Muhammad Ghori successfully launched attack on the forces of Delhi, Prithvi Raj requested Jaichand to fight the invader together. To this Jaichand not only bluntly refused, he went to the Ghori camp to fight against Chauhan. It is alleged that Raja Jaichand Raja Jaichand met Ghori an divulged he secrets of Chauhan's war plans. Because of this, Jaichand is considered among the greatest traitors who made it easier for the islamic invasion of India.

However, this is disputed, because the kingdoms of Ajmer and Kannauj did not have a common border, fought no battles. As per inscriptions Jayachandra was fighting against the Sena rulers in the region of Bihar, far in the east.

Loss to Muhammad Ghori

After the defeat of Prithvi Raj Chauhan in the Second Battle of Tarain in 1192, Muhammad Ghori then turned his guns on Jaichand. Battle of Chandvar, 1194 ensued in which Jaichand was defeated. Jaichand died when he was trying to flee, while crossing the Ganges, and his descendents managed to escape to the region of Marusthali, where they established the Rathore kingdom of Marwar a few centuries late.

 

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