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Switzerland Explanation ::--Switzerland History||Switzerland Geography||Switzerland Administration||Switzerland World Heritage Site||


Switzerland in its full name the Swiss Confederation is a federal republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in Western Europe where it is bordered by Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east.


Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Central Plateau and the Jura, spanning an area of 41,285 km2 . While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 7.9 million people concentrates mostly on the Plateau, where the largest cities are to be found. Among them are the two global cities and economic centres of Zurich and Geneva.

The Swiss Confederation has a long history of neutrality—it has not been in a state of war internationally since 1815—and did not join the United Nations until 2002. It pursues, however, an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world. Switzerland is also the birthplace of the Red Cross and HOME to a large number of international organizations, including the second largest UN office. On the European level, it is a founding member of the European Free Trade Association and is part of the Schengen Area – although it is notably not a member of the European Union, nor the European Economic Area.

In nominal terms, Switzerland is one of the richest countries in the world by per capita gross domestic product, with a nominal per capita GDP of $75,835. In 2010, Switzerland had the highest wealth per adult of any country in the world (with $372,692 for each person). Switzerland also has one of the world's largest account balances as a percentage of GDP. Zurich and Geneva have respectively been ranked as the cities with the second and third highest quality of life in the world. In 2010 the World Economic Forum ranked Switzerland as the most competitive country in the world, while ranked by the European Union as Europe's most innovative country by far.

Switzerland comprises three main linguistic and cultural regions: German, French, and Italian, to which the Romansh-speaking valleys are added. The Swiss therefore do not form a nation in the sense of a common ethnic or linguistic identity. The strong sense of belonging to the country is founded on the common historical background, shared values (federalism, direct democracy, neutrality) and Alpine symbolism. The establishment of the Swiss Confederation is traditionally dated to 1 August 1291; Swiss National Day is celebrated on the anniversary.


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Tourist Places in Switzerland

Due to its small size in the center of Europe, the main attractions of Switzerland are concentrated within short distances of each other. Attractions and activities abound and traveling by train in Switzerland offers absolute freedom and flexibility. Wake up, have breakfast and then take a quick train ride to another city for lunch or shopping and be back in time for dinner! The center stage of Switzerland is occupied by the Alps. They extend from the east of France to the west of Germany/Austria and are bordered by Italy in the south. North of the Alps a lowland area called the "Mittelland", hosts many beautiful lakes and most of the major cities before a smaller mountain range, the Jura, sets the division to the city of Basel and the river Rhein. The Matterhorn in Zermatt is certainly the most famous of all mountain peaks and is a must for every visitor of Switzerland. Upon spotting the Matterhorn, which is part of the loftiest Alps in the Valais, you will be overwhelmingly excited by its impressive beauty. Experience the breathtaking scenery in this charming, traffic-free mountain resort. The Bernese Oberland invites you with a great variety of attractions. An appealing countryside is speckled by enchanting lakes and flanked by impressive mountains, most importantly the Jungfraujoch, near Interlaken. Other Alpine and mountain resorts in the area include Gstaad, Grindelwald, Wengen and Muerren. The fame of Lucerne as a tourist resort is legendary and it is often considered to be the true "Swiss" capital. This charming and attractive town straddles the Reuss River on the western edge of Lake Lucerne and makes an excellent base for excursions with its proximity to lakes and mountains as well as a base for venturing south towards the Alps and the Ticino. A good way to see Lucerne and Central Switzerland is from the Pilatus: a towering monument of a mountain with a view like a vision. It only takes one hour to reach the famous 7000-ft. landmark of Lucerne. Switzerland's southernmost canton, Italian-speaking Ticino, can seem a world apart from the rest of the country, especially the lakeside resorts of Lugano and Locarno, with their Mediterranean Riviera like atmosphere. The romance that surrounds the southern part of Switzerland is well worth the visit. The isolated mountain valleys of Graubunden, in the eastern corner of the country, provide the setting for winter resorts like St. Moritz and Davos. For the traveler this is no doubt the part of Switzerland where he can enjoy the most spectacular mountain landscapes. The Engadin lets you experience lovely panoramas of great, deep valleys, fiercely blue mountain lakes and endless rows of white mountains, all blessed by the sun. Zurich, the most populous city of Switzerland, is famous for its financial institutions and shops on "Bahnhofstrasse" as well as for its superb art galleries - all coexisting happily side by side. Lake Zurich offers endless opportunities for swimming, sunbathing and pick nicking. In the west, the cities lining the northern shore of Lake Geneva - Geneva, Montreux and Lausanne - are surrounded by rolling hills covered with woods and vineyards which shelter them from the north and east winds. This area makes up the bulk of French-speaking Switzerland. Geneva is unquestionably one of Switzerland's most privileged cities on account of its exceptional location. Visitors will be delighted by opulent mansions, the harbor and its fountain, and the shimmering shores of the lake, set against a backdrop of lush vegetation and wooded mountains.



Well famous for its unpolluted and scenic ambiance, Zurich is one of the best amalgamations of traditionalism and urban modernity. This striking city has thousands of tourist attraction places where you can marvel while in a family or on personal vacation. It consist of different museum that magnets tourists from within the country as well other parts of the world. Among numerous attractions and destinations, Church of Our Lady, Museum of Art, Great Church, Swiss National Museum, Technorama are some of the must visit destinations in Zurich.


It is a Switzerland’s second most populous city visited by tourists from across the world throughout the year. Geneva is recognized as a truly international city due to the many international organizations that are present there such as the Red Cross, WHO and WTC. The region has magnificent mountain landscapes and a spectacular countryside with chalets, villas and ski apartments which often persuade people to visit this place from every nook and corner of the world. Apart from the attractions there are so many interesting events that take place in this exotic city, for example the Geneva International Motor Show this brings about 700,000 visitors every year. Carouge, Batiment Des Forces Motrices, Mount Saleve, Place Neuve are some of the must visit places around Geneva.


Lapped by the scenic Lake and encircled by beautiful mountains, Lucerne is a striking small city in the heart of Switzerland. Mother-Nature has blessed this place with such attractions which can not be described in human descriptions. Musegg Wall, Chapel Bridge, Lion Monument, Mt.Pilatus, Mt.Rigi are some of the must visit places of Lucerne.

Beside these lovely tourist places in Switzerland, some other places which are also an important part of tourist attractions are Bern the Capital city of Switzerland, Interlaken, Montreux, Lugano, Zermatt, St. Mortiz, Basel, Lausanne, Grindelwald, Fribourg, St. Gallen and Brig. Come for Switzerland tours and explore the heavenly splendor of these wonderful places and relish in the memories for a longtime.