Welcome Guest
Login /Register
Universe On Web
Top Story : UniverseOnWeb.com .....
Europe Map
Search Engine



Latvia Explanation ::-- Latvia History||Latvia Geography ||Latvia Administration||Latvia World Heritage Site||


Latvia is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by Estonia (border length 343 km), to the south by Lithuania (588 km), to the east by the Russian Federation (276 km), to the southeast by Belarus (141 km) and shares maritime borders to the west with Sweden. With 2,229,641 inhabitants and a territory of 64,589 km2 (24,938 sq mi) it is one of the least populous and least densely populated countries of the European Union. The capital of Latvia is Riga, the official language Latvian and the currency Lats (Ls). The country has a temperate seasonal climate.

Republic of Latvia

The Latvians are Baltic people, culturally related to the Estonians and Lithuanians. Together with the Finno-Ugric Livs (or Livonians), the Latvians are the indigenous people of Latvia. Latvian is an Indo-European language and along with Lithuanian the only two surviving members of the Baltic branch. Indigneous minority languages are Latgalian and the nearly extinct Finno-Ugric Livonian language. In terms of geography, territory and population Latvia is the middle of three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.


Latvia and Estonia share a long common history: historical Livonia, times of German, Polish-Lithuanian, Swedish, Russian, Nazi German and Soviet rule, 13th century Christianization and 16th century Protestant Reformation. Both countries are HOME to a large number of ethnic Russians (27,4% in Latvia and 26% in Estonia) of whom some are non-citizens. Latvia is historically predominantly Protestant, except for the region of Latgalia in the southeast which is historically predominantly Roman Catholic.

Latvia is a unitary parliamentary republic and is divided into 118 administrative divisions of which 109 municipalities and 9 cities. There are five planning regions: Courland (Kurzeme), Latgalia (Latgale), Riga (Rīga), Vidzeme and Zemgale.

The Republic of Latvia was founded on November 18, 1918. It was occupied and annexed by the Soviet Union between 1940–1941 and 1945–1991 and by Nazi Germany between 1941-1945. The peaceful "Singing Revolution" between 1987 and 1991 and "Baltic Chain" demonstration on August 23, 1989 led to the independence of the Baltic states. Latvia declared the restoration of its de facto independence on August 21, 1991.

Latvia is a member of the United Nations, European Union, Council of Europe, NATO, OSCE, IMF and WTO, and is part of the Schengen Area. It was a member of the League of Nations (1921–1946) and the Baltic Free Trade Area (1994–2004). Latvia is also a member of the Council of the Baltic Sea States and is together with Estonia and Lithuania involved in trilateral Baltic States cooperationand Nordic-Baltic cooperation.
After economic stagnation in the early 1990s, Latvia posted Europe-leading GDP growth figures during 1998–2006. In the global financial crisis of 2008–2010 Latvia was the hardest hit of the European Union member states, with a GDP decline of 26.54% in that period. However by 2010 commentators noted signs of stabilisation in the Latvian economy. The United Nations lists Latvia as a country with a Human Development Index (HDI) of "Very High".


You are here at Europe Continent , This is the list of Countries in Europe ..
13. Finland – Helsinki

How To Make Money In Latvia ??



Top Tourist Attractions in Latvia

Wondering what to do in Latvia? IgoUgo travelers have been there, so check out their recommendations on top things to do in Latvia,... 
  1. Museum of the Occupation of Latvia
  2. Freedom Monument
  3. Latvian Ethnographic Open Air Museum
  4. Aglona Basilica
  5. St Peter's Church
  6. Sun museum
  7. Gulbene Aluksne Narrow Gauge Railway
  8. Town Hall Square
  9. Dome Church
  10. Old Town
latvia map

Sum Museum Riga

The Europe’s only museum dedicated to the Sun is in Riga!


There are no two similar nations or cultures in this world. However, the Sun is equally significant in many cultures around the globe, and people depict it in many different ways. We welcome you to the Museum of the Sun to see for yourself the diversity of ways how humans see the Sun!


There are more than 380 different sun wall decors, clocks and mirrors in the collection of the Sun museum from many countries from all continents, and a special exhibition of suns made by Latvian artists and craftsmen specially for Sun museum.


Each visitor receives a white plaster sun as a gift from the museum and is invited to paint it at the museum’s creative studio. One by one these small suns are spreading all over the world accompanied by pleasant memories.


Before leaving it’s a must to stop at the museum’s souvenir shop and check out the original items made by the local artists, so you can take a bit of light and warmth along with you.


Come to the Museum of the Sun to find your own one!