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Gullfoss Waterfall


Nature creation - Earth Waterfall ::--1.Guaza - Brazil|| 2.Victoria - Zimbabwe|| 3.Niagara - USA|| 4.Plitvice - Croatia|| 5.Angel - Venezuela|| 6.Yosemite - USA|| 7.Kaieteur - Guyana|| 8.Gullfoss - Iceland9. ||Dettifoss - Iceland|| 10.Sutherland - N.Z.||Water Fall List||


Gullfoss Waterfall

Gullfoss (English: Golden Falls) is a waterfall located in the canyon of Hvíta river in southwest Iceland.
Gullfoss is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the country. The wide Hvíta rushes southward. About a kilometer above the falls it turns sharply to the left and flows down into a wide curved three-step "staircase" and then abruptly plunges in two stages (11 m and 21 m) into a crevice 32 m (105 ft) deep. The crevice, about 20 m (60 ft) wide, and 2.5 km in length, is at right angles to the flow of the river. The average amount of water running over this waterfall is 140 m³/s in the summertime and 80 m³/s in the wintertime. The highest flood measured was 2000 m³/s.

 

As one first approaches the falls, the crevice is obscured from view, so that it appears that a mighty river simply vanishes into the earth.


During the first half of the 20th century and some years into the late 20th century, there was much speculation about using Gullfoss to generate electricity. During this period, the waterfall was rented indirectly by its owners, Tomas Tomasson and Halldor Halldorsson, to foreign investors. However, the investors' attempts were unsuccessful, partly due to lack of money. The waterfall was later sold to the state of Iceland. Even after it was sold, there were plans to utilize Hvíta, which would have changed the waterfall forever. This was not done, and now the waterfall is protected.

Gullfoss
Gullfoss in the sun in May 2006
Location
Southwest Iceland
Type
Tiered, Cataract
Total height
32 m
Number of drops
2
Longest drop
21 m
Watercourse
Hvíta
Average flow rate
140 m3/s


Sigríour Tomasdottir, the daughter of Tomas Tomasson was determined to preserve the waterfall's condition and even threatened to throw herself into the waterfall. Although it is widely believed, the very popular story that Sigríour did save the waterfall from use is not true. A stone memorial to Sigriour, located above the falls, depicts her profile.



Together with Þingvellir and the geysers of Haukadalur Gullfoss forms the Golden Circle, a popular day tour for tourists in Iceland.
Gullfoss appears on the cover of the album Porcupine by the British band Echo and the Bunnymen.
The Gullfoss features in the music video for the single "Heaven" by the band Live. During the video a young man and a young woman separated by the Hvíta river exchange written messages carried on rocks that they throw to each other over the river and the falls. At the end of the music video the young man attempts to swim across the Hvíta river downstream from the Gulfoss. His young lady friend is so horrified by seeing him being washed down the Hvíta river that she also jumps into the river in order to help him. They then float down the river holding onto each other.


Gullfoss

One of the more unique waterfalls you'll ever see in the world, this wild and wide waterfall tumbling on the Hvíta River in two tiers at 90 degree angles to each other is one of Iceland's iconic natural attractions. Part of the Golden Circle of Iceland's main attractions in the Southwest, this is a must on anyone's itinerary. In addition to the falls' unique shape, you can see rainbows arcing over the falls when your timing's right and the weather cooperates. 

 

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