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Yellow River

Biggest River on Earth ::--|| 1.Nile River|| 2.Amazon River|| 3.Yangtze River|| 4.Missisipi River|| 5.Yenisei River|| 6.Yellow River|| 7.Ob River|| 8.Parana River|| 9.Congo River|| 10.Amur River|| 11.Lena River|| 12.Mekong River|| 13.Mackenzie River|| 14.Niger River|| 15.Murray/Darling River|| 16.Tocantins River|| 17.Volga River|| 18.Purus River|| 19.Madeira River|| 20.Sao Francisco River||List of River's.||

Yellow River

The Yellow River or Huang He, formerly known as the Hwang Ho, is the second-longest river in China (after the Yangtze) and the sixth-longest in the world at the estimated length of 5,464 kilometers (3,395 mi).


Originating in the Bayan Har Mountains in Qinghai Province in western China, it flows through nine provinces of China and empties into the Bohai Sea.


The Yellow River basin has an east-west extent of 1900 km (1,180 mi) and a north-south extent of 1100 km (684 mi). Its total basin area is 742,443 km² (290,520 mi²).

The Yellow River is called "the cradle of Chinese civilization" as its basin – specifically, the Wei valley that cuts across the long Ordos loop – was the birthplace of ancient Chinese civilizations and the most prosperous region in early Chinese history. However, frequent devastating floods and course changes produced by the continual elevation of the river bed, sometimes above the level of its surrounding fields has also earned it the unenviable names "China's Sorrow" and "Scourge of the Sons of Han."

Yellow River (Huang He)
yellow river map
Current Course of the Yellow River with major cities
Origin Bayan Har Mountains, Qinghai Province
Mouth Bohai Sea
Basin countries People's Republic of China
Length 5,464 km (3,395 mi)
Source elevation 4,500 m (14,800 ft)
Avg. discharge 2,571 m3/s (90,800 cu ft/s)
Basin area 752,000 km2 (290,000 sq mi)

Yellow River History

Prior to the advent of modern dams in China, the Yellow River was extremely prone to flooding. In the 2,540 years prior to AD 1946, the Yellow River has been reckoned to have flooded 1,593 times, shifting its course 26 times noticeably and nine times severely. These floods include some of the deadliest natural disasters ever recorded. Before modern disaster management, when floods occurred, some of the population might initially die from drowning but then many more would suffer from the ensuing famine and spread of diseases.
The cause of the floods is the large amount of fine-grained loess carried by the river from the Loess Plateau, which is continuously deposited along the bottom of its channel. The sedimentation causes natural dams to slowly accrue. These subaqueous dams were unpredictable and generally undetectable. Eventually, the enormous amount of water has to find a new way to the sea and bursts out across the flat North China Plain, sometimes finding a new course. The traditional Chinese response of building higher and higher levees along the banks sometimes also contributed to the severity of the floods: When flood water did break through the levees, it could no longer drain back into the river bed as it would after a normal flood as the river bed was sometimes now higher than the surrounding countryside.
Another historical source of devastating floods is the collapse of upstream ice dams in Inner Mongolia with an accompanying sudden release of vast quantities of impounded water. There have been 11 such major floods in the past century, each causing tremendous loss of life and property. Nowadays, explosives dropped from aircraft are used to break the ice dams before they become dangerous.

The Yellow River or Huang He is the second-longest river in China (after the Yangtze River) and the sixth-longest in the world at 5,464 kilometers(3,398 miles). Originating in the Bayankala Mountains in Qinghai Province in western China, it flows through nine provinces of China (Qinghai,Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Shanxi,Henan, Shandong Provinces) and empties into the Bohai Sea. The Yellow River basin has an east-west extent of 1900 km (1,180 miles) and a north-south extent of 1100 km (684 miles). Total basin area is 752,443 km² (290,520 mile²).


The Yellow River is called the "the cradle of Chinese civilization", as its basin is the birthplace of the northern Chinese civilizations and is the most prosperous region in early Chinese history. But frequent devastating flooding, largely due to the elevated river bed in its lower course, has also earned it the unenviable name "China's Sorrow".


The Yellow River, with a total length of 5,464 kilometers, is the second longest river in China, just next to the Yangtze River. The Yellow River is the birthplace of ancient Chinese culture and the cradle of Chinese Civilization. It takes its source from the northern piedmont of the Bayanhar Mountain Range in Qinghai Province, meandering across 9 provinces and finally emptying into the Bohai Sea at Kenli of Shandong Province. Along the Yellow River Reaches, tourists can view the majestic resorts of the Yellow River and the unique scenery of the Loess Plateau.  


The natural landscapes of the Yellow River are breathtaking and attractive, especially those in the Henan segment. As a huge dragon crouching on the central plains, the Yellow River begins to flow northward from Kaifeng City. The Zhengzhou segment of the Yellow River is broad and grand. Tourists acclaim the waves of the Yellow River as the acme of perfection. After entering Longmen, the steep precipices at both banks of the Yellow River seem to be cut by knife, and the river waves are surging and rushing forward. The supernatural power of the nature created various landscape resorts at the Sanmen Gorge where the Yellow River is surging inward and roaring forward and people can feel the perfect combination of gentleness and manly virility of the Yellow River.  


Along the Yellow River, tourists can not only fully enjoy the natural scenery of the Yellow River, but also explore the Chinese history and culture. The multiplying and growing sites of Chinese ancients can be found along the Yellow River, such as the famous Yangshao Culture Site, the Birthplace of the First Ancestor Yellow Emperor, the Fuxi Mausoleum and the neighboring various cradles of surnames. The important ancient town Sanmen Gorge, the thousand-year-old ancient capital Luoyang, the commercial city Zhengzhou and the capital Kaifeng of the Song Dynasty (960-1279), etc. These are all the concrete exhibitions of the Yellow River culture, showing the rise and decline of China's history.   


The main scenic spots of the Yellow River include the Ancient Overhanging Plank Road of the Yellow River, the Mainstay, the Hangu Pass, the Luoyang Peony, the Longmen Grottoes, the Guan Forest, the White Horse Temple, the Remains of the Commercial City Zhengzhou, the Xiangguo Temple, the Millennium City and the Yue Fei Temple, etc. Every scenic spot is rich in cultural connotations, making tourists truly feel the special charm of the Yellow River Culture. Other famous scenic spots in the Yellow River reaches include the Wild Goose Pagoda in Xi'an City, the Terracotta Warriors and Horses of the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty (221-206), the Maiji Grottoes in Tianshui region, the Haibao Pagoda in Yinchuan City, the Bingling Grottoes in the Liujia Gorge, Liangshan Mountain in the lower reaches of the Yellow River and Jinan, the City of Spring, etc.