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Murray/Darling River


Biggest River on Earth ::--|| 1.Nile River|| 2.Amazon River|| 3.Yangtze River|| 4.Missisipi River|| 5.Yenisei River|| 6.Yellow River|| 7.Ob River|| 8.Parana River|| 9.Congo River|| 10.Amur River|| 11.Lena River|| 12.Mekong River|| 13.Mackenzie River|| 14.Niger River|| 15.Murray/Darling River|| 16.Tocantins River|| 17.Volga River|| 18.Purus River|| 19.Madeira River|| 20.Sao Francisco River||List of River's.||


murray river
Lower course of the Murray River at Murray Bridge
Country
Australia
States
New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia
Tributaries
- left
Mitta Mitta River, Kiewa River, Ovens River,Goulburn River, Campaspe River, Loddon River
- right
Swampy Plains River, Murrumbidgee River,Darling River
Cities
Albury, Wodonga, Echuca, Swan Hill, Mildura,Renmark, Murray Bridge
Source
Cowombat Flat
- location
Australian Alps, NSW/Vic
- coordinates
36°47′46″S 148°11′40″E
Mouth
Southern Ocean
- location
Goolwa, SA
- elevation
0 m (0 ft)
- coordinates
35°33′32″S 138°52′48″E
Length
2,375 km (1,476 mi)
Basin
1,061,469 km2 (409,835 sq mi)
Discharge
- average
767 m3/s (27,086 cu ft/s)
Map of the course of the Murray River
darling river
Lower course of the Darling River at Menindee
Country
Australia
State
New South Wales
Part of
Murray River, Murray-Darling basin
Tributaries
- left
Barwon River, Little Bogan River
- right
Culgoa River, Warrego River, Paroo River
Cities
Bourke, Wilcannia, Menindee, Wentworth
Source
confluence of Barwon and Culgoa Rivers
- location
near Brewarrina, NSW
- coordinates
29°57′31″S 146°18′28″E
Mouth
confluence with Murray River
- location
Wentworth, NSW
- coordinates
34°6′47″S 141°54′43″E
Length
1,472 km (915 mi)
Discharge
- average
100 m3/s (3,530 cu ft/s) approx.
The Darling is a major tributary of the Murray-Darling system


Murray River

The Murray River (River Murray in South Australia) is Australia's longest river. At 2,375 kilometres (1,476 mi) in length, the Murray rises in the Australian Alps, draining the western side of Australia's highest mountains and, for most of its length, meanders across Australia's inland plains, forming the border between New South Wales and Victoria as it flows to the northwest, before turning south for its final 500 kilometres (310 mi) or so into South Australia, reaching the ocean at Lake Alexandrina.
The water of the Murray flows through several lakes that fluctuate in salinity (and were often fresh until recent decades) including Lake Alexandrina and The Coorong before emptying through the Murray Mouth into the southeastern portion of the Indian Ocean, often referenced on Australian maps as the Southern Ocean, near Goolwa. Despite discharging considerable volumes of water at times, particularly before the advent of large scale river regulation, the Mouth has always been comparatively small and shallow.
As of 2010, the Murray River system receives 58% of its natural flow. It is perhaps Australia's most important irrigated region and is widely known as the food bowl of the nation.



Darling River

The Darling River is the third longest river in Australia, measuring 1,472 kilometres (915 mi) from its source in northern New South Wales to its confluence with the Murray River at Wentworth, New South Wales. Including its longest contiguous tributaries it is 2,844 km (1,767 mi) long, making it the longest river system in Australia.
The Darling River is the outback's most famous waterway. The Darling has been in poor health, suffering from overuse of its waters, pollution from pesticide runoff and prolonged drought. In some years it has barely flowed at all. The river has a high salt content and declining water quality. Increased rainfall in its catchment in 2010 has improved flow, but the health of the river will depend on long-term management.The Division of Darling, Division of Riverina-Darling, Electoral district of Darling and Electoral district of Lachlan and Lower Darling were named after the river.

The Queensland headwaters of the Darling (the area now known as the Darling Downs) were gradually colonised from 1815 onward. In 1828 the explorer Charles Sturt and Hamilton Hume were sent by the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Ralph Darling, to investigate the course of the Macquarie River. He discovered the Bogan River and then, early in 1829, the upper Darling, which he named after the Governor. In 1835, Major Thomas Mitchell travelled a 483 km portion of the Darling River. Although his party never reached the junction with the Murray River he correctly assumed the rivers joined.
In 1856, the Blandowski Expedition set off for the junction of the Darling and Murray Rivers to discover and collect fish species for the National Museum. The expedition was a success with 17,400 specimens arriving in Adelaide the next year.
Although its flow is extraordinarily irregular (the river dried up on no fewer than forty-five occasions between 1885 and 1960), in the later 19th century the Darling became a major transportation route, the pastoralists of western New South Wales using it to send their wool by shallow-draft paddle steamer from busy river ports such as Bourke and Wilcannia to the South Australian railheads at Morgan and Murray Bridge. But over the past century the river's importance as a transportation route has declined.

 

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