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Amur River


Biggest River on Earth ::--|| 1.Nile River|| 2.Amazon River|| 3.Yangtze River|| 4.Missisipi River|| 5.Yenisei River|| 6.Yellow River|| 7.Ob River|| 8.Parana River|| 9.Congo River|| 10.Amur River|| 11.Lena River|| 12.Mekong River|| 13.Mackenzie River|| 14.Niger River|| 15.Murray/Darling River|| 16.Tocantins River|| 17.Volga River|| 18.Purus River|| 19.Madeira River|| 20.Sao Francisco River||List of River's.||


amur
Amur near Verkhnaya Ekon, Khabarovsk Krai, Russia
Name origin: Mongolian: amur, "rest")
Countries
Russia, China
Part of
Strait of Tartary
Tributaries
- left
Shilka, Zeya, Bureya, Amgun
- right
Ergune, Huma, Songhua, Ussuri
Cities
Blagoveschensk, Heihe, Tongjiang,Khabarovsk, Amursk,Komsomolsk-on-Amur,Nikolayevsk-on-Amur
Primary source
Onon River-Shilka River
- location
Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area,Khentti Province, Mongolia
- elevation
2,045 m (6,709 ft)
 
- coordinates
48°48′59″N 108°46′13″E
Secondary source
Kherlen River-Ergune River
- location
about 195 kilometres (121 mi) fromUlaanbaatar, Khentii Province,Mongolia
- elevation
1,961 m (6,434 ft)
- coordinates
48°47′54″N 109°11′54″E
Source confluence
- location
Near Pokrovka, Russia & China
- elevation
303 m (994 ft)
- coordinates
53°19′58″N 121°28′37″E
Mouth
Strait of Tartary
- location
Near Nikolaevsk-on-Amur,Khabarovsk Krai, Russia
- elevation
0 m (0 ft)
- coordinates
52°56′50″N 141°05′02″E
Length
2,824 km (1,755 mi) 
Basin
1,855,000 km2 (716,220 sq mi) 
Discharge
mouth
- average
11,400 m3/s (402,587 cu ft/s)
- max
30,700 m3/s (1,084,160 cu ft/s)
- min
514 m3/s (18,152 cu ft/s)
amur river map
Map of the Amur River watershed

The Amur or Heilong Jiang is the world's tenth longest river, forming the border between the Russian Far East (Outer Manchuria) and Northeastern China (Inner Manchuria).



Amur River Course

It rises in the hills of western Manchuria at the confluence of its two major affluents, the Shilka River and the Ergune River, at an elevation of 303 metres (994 ft). It flows east forming the border between China and Russia, and slowly makes a great arc to the southeast for about 400 kilometres (250 mi), receiving many tributaries and passing many small towns. At Huma, it is joined by a major tributary, the Huma River. Afterwards it continues to flow south until between the cities of Blagoveschensk (Russia) and Heihe (China), it widens significantly as it is joined by the Zeya River, one of its most important tributaries.
The Amur arcs to the east and turns southeast again at the confluence with the Bureya River, then does not receive another significant tributary for nearly 250 kilometres (160 mi) before its confluence with its largest tributary, the Songhua River, at Tongjiang. At the confluence with the Songhua the river turns northeast, now flowing towards Khabarovsk, where it joins the Ussuri River and ceases to define the Russia-China border. Now the river spreads out dramatically into a braided character, flowing north-northeast through a wide valley in eastern Russia, passing Amursk and Komsomolsk-on-Amur. The valley narrows after about 200 kilometres (120 mi) and the river again flows north onto plains at the confluence with the Amgun River. Shortly after the Amur turns sharply east and into an estuary at Nikolayevsk-on-Amur, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) downstream of which it flows into the Strait of Tartary (also called Tatar Strait).



Direction

Flowing across northeast Asia for over 4,444 km from the mountains of northeastern China to the Sea of Okhotsk (near Nikolayevsk-na-Amure), it drains a remarkable watershed that includes diverse landscapes of desert, steppe, tundra, and taiga, eventually emptying into the Pacific Ocean through the Strait of Tartary, where the mouth of the river faces the northern end of the island of Sakhalin.
The Amur has always been closely associated with the island of Sakhalin at its mouth, and most names for the island, even in the languages of the indigenous peoples of the region, are derived from the name of the river: "Sakhalin" derives from a Tungusic dialectal form cognate with Manchu sahaliyan ("black," as in sahaliyan ula, "Black River"), while Ainu and Japanese "Karaputo" or "Karafuto" is derived from the Ainu name of the Amur or its mouth. Anton Chekhov vividly described the Amur River in writings about his journey to Sakhalin Island in 1890.
The average annual discharge varies from 6000 m³/s (1980) - 12000 m³/s (1957), leading to an average 9819 m³/s or 310 km³ per year. The maximum runoff measured occurred in Oct 1951 with 30700 m³/s whereas the minimum discharge was recorded in March 1946 with a mere 514 m³/s.

 

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