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Intresting fact about Mountain

Eight Thousander Mountain on Earth ::-- 1.Mount Everest|| 2.K2 Mountain|| 3.Kangchenjunga|| 4.Lhotse Mountain|| 5.Makalu Mountain|| 6.Cho Oyu Mountain|| 7.Dhaulagiri Mountain|| 8.Manaslu Mountain|| 9.Nanga Parbat Mountain|| 10.Annapurna Mountain||11.Gasherbrum||12.Broad Peak||13.Gasherbrum Mountain||14.Shishapangma Mountain||

Seven Summits Continent wise on Earth ::--||Aconcagua (S.America)||Carstensz(Oceana)||Elbrus (Europe)||M.Evrest (Asia)||Kilimanjaro (Africa)||Mskinley (N.America)||Vinson (Antarktica)||

Mountain Facts

The world's highest peak on land is Mount Everest in the Himalayas. It is 8,850.1728 m ( 29,036 ft ) tall. The world's highest mountain, from its base on the ocean floor, is Mauna Kea, on Hawaii. It is 10,203 m high or
( 33,474 ft ) but only 4,205 m ( 13,796 ft ) is above sea level. The biggest rift valley runs through East Africa into southwest Asia and is 5,600 km ( 3,500 miles ) long.

Mountain is a landform with steep slopes that rise high above the surrounding area. Mountains are considered larger than hills but there is really no hard and fast rule to this.

What is considered a hill in one county may be called mountain in another country. Watchung Mountains in the USA are less than 200 meters high while a 400 meters high peak in Himalayas is considered t be a foot hill.

Generally mountain is higher and is steeper than a hill

Mountains are classified into 5 categories on the basis of their physical characteristics.

· Fold Mountains

· Block Mountains

· Dome Mountains

· Volcanic Mountains

· Plateau Mountains

How do can we measure a mountain – To measure a mountain we use Barometer. Barometer helps to measure the air pressure and at the top of the mountains air pressure is lower than the pressure on the ground. By comparing the two we can calculate how tall a mountain is. Another instrument used to measure Mountain is Theodolite. Lately we use Satellite pictures to Measure Mountains.

Water and Ice play an important role providing shape to the mountains.

Mountains are everywhere on Earth in all the continents and even under the sea. A mountain is a truly spectacular sight.

Some of the well known mountain ranges found in each continents are:-

Antarctica Antarctic Peninsula, Trans-Antarctic Mountains
Africa Atlas, Eastern African Highlands, Ethiopian Highlands
Asia Hindu Kush, Himalayas, Taurus, Elbrus, Japanese Mountains
Australia MacDonnell Mountains
Europe Pyrenees, Alps, Carpathians, Apennines, Urals,Balkan
North America Appalachians, Sierra Nevada, Rockies, Lauren tides
South America Andes, Brazilian Highlands

Some Interesting facts about Mountains

  1. Some of the world highest and longest mountains lies under the ocean. The Worlds largest Under Water Mountain is Mauna Kea in Hawaii.
  2. The mid-Atlantic Ridge is the Worlds longest chain of undersea mountains.
  3. Mount Everest is not the tallest mountain in the world, if we calculate the height of the mountain from the base to the peak. Mauna Kea of Hawaii is the tallest. If we measure the height of the mountain from the centre of the earth, Chimborazo, a volcano in the Andes of Ecuador is the tallest since it is located nearly on the equator where the earth bulges the most. Everest is tallest mountain if we measure the height from above the sea level.
  4. It is estimated that 12% of the world population leave in Mountain Areas.
  5. Amongst the entire mountain Areas Alps are densely populated. Worlds top 10 Highest Mountains
Mountain Range Location Height (meters)
Everest Himalayas Asia 8850
K2(Godwin Austen) Karakoram Asia 8611
Kanchenjunga Himalayas Asia 8586
Lhotse 1 Himalayas Asia 8501
Makalu 1 Himalayas Asia 8463
Cho Oyu Himalayas Asia 8200
Dhaulagiri Himalayas Asia 8167
Manaslu Himalayas Asia 8156
Nanga Pārbati Himalayas Asia 8126
Annapurna Himalayas Asia 8091

What is a Mountain ?

The dictionary defines a mountain as that which is ‘higher and steeper than a hill’.

A mountain is a landform that rises high above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. They are made from rocks and earth.

Generally, mountains are higher than 600 metres. Those less than 600 metres are called hills.

What do Mountains look like ?

Mountains usually have steep, sloping sides and sharp or slightly rounded ridges and peaks.

Mountains can be rocky and barren. Some have trees growing on their sides and very high mountains have snow on their peaks.

Some common features of mountains include the following:

  • the summit, or the top of a mountain;
  • the slope, or side of the mountain; and
  • a very steep valley between young mountains, known as a gorge.

Where are Mountains found ?

Mountains exist on every continent and even beneath our great oceans. Mountains cover one-fifth of the earth’s land surface, and occur in 75 percent of the world’s countries.

How are mountains formed ?

Mountains are formed through varying causes, there are several distinct types of mountains.

What is a mountain range ?

Mountain ranges are long chains or groups of mountains. Ranges are usually 1,000 or more miles long.

The Rocky Mountains and the Himalayan Mountains are examples of mountain ranges.

What is a mountain system ?

A group of mountain ranges is called a mountain system. For example, the mountain systems of the United States include the Rockies and the Appalachians.

How many people live on mountains ?

Mountains are home to approximately one-tenth of the world’s people