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Interesting Facts about Earth / World


Nature creation on Earth ::-- Earth Ocean's||Earth Volcano's|| Earth River's||Earth Mountain's||Earth Waterfall's|| Earth Desert's||Earth Wonder's||Earth Moon||Earth Rainbow||


Facts about Planet Earth

About 400 billion gallons water is used worldwide each day.

The moon is one million times drier than the Gobi Desert.

Earth travels through space at 66,700 miles per hour.

From a distance, Earth would be the brightest of the 9 planets. This is because sunlight is reflected by the planet's water.

The Persian Gulf is the warmest sea. In the summer its temperature reaches 35.6 degrees centigrade.

Asia Continent is covered 30% of the total earth land area, but represent 60% of the world's population.

Only 3% water of the earth is fresh, rest 97% salted. Of that 3%, over 2% is frozen in ice sheets and glaciers. Means less than 1% fresh water is found in lakes, rivers and underground.

The total surface area of the Earth is 197 million square miles.

Louisiana loses about 30 square miles (78 square kilometers) of land each year to coastal erosion, hurricanes, other natural and human causes and a thing called subsidence, which means sinking.

Sunlight can penetrate clean ocean water to a depth of 240 feet.

The world's deadliest recorded earthquake occurred in 1557 in central China, more than 830,000 people were killed.

The deepest depth in the ocean is 36,198 feet (6.9 miles or 11 kilometers) at the Mariana Trench, in the Pacific Ocean well south of Japan near the Mariana Islands.

The word "Arctic" comes from the ancient Greek Arktikos, or "country of the great bear." Though the Greeks had no knowledge of the polar bear, they named the region after the constellation Ursus Major, the Great Bear, found in the Northern Sky.

In 1934, a gust of wind reached 371 km/h on Mount Washington in New Hampshire, USA.

About 540 volcanoes on land are known. No one knows how many undersea volcanoes have erupted through history.

Earth is tipped at 23 and 1/2 degrees in orbit. That axis is what causes our seasons.

Angel Falls in Venezuela is the worlds highest waterfall, The water of Falls drops 3,212 feet (979 meters).

Earth's atmosphere is actually about 80 percent nitrogen. Most of the rest is oxygen, with tiny amounts of other stuff thrown in.

Average 100 lightning strikes occur worldwide every second.

A huge underground river runs underneath the Nile, with six times more water than the river above.

Each winter there are about 1 septillion (1, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000 or a trillion trillion) snow crystals that drop from the sky.

The deepest hole ever made by humans is in Kola Peninsula in Russia, was completed in 1989, creating a hole 12,262 meters (7.6 miles) deep.

Each Wonder (in 7 wonders) has its own intrigue. Historian agree that the Pyramids stood the test of time, the Lighthouse is the only Wonder that has a practical secular use, and the Temple of Artemis was the most beautiful of all Wonders.

Groundwater comprises a 30 times greater volume than all freshwater lakes, and more than 3,000 times what's in the world's streams and rivers at any given time.

The greatest tide change on earth occurs in the Bay of Fundy. The difference between low tide and high tide can be as great as 54 ft. 6 in. (16.6 meters).

The Arctic stays black and fiercely cold for months on end. In the High Arctic, the sun sets in October and does not rise again until late February.

The sunrays reached at the earth in 8 minutes & 3 seconds.

The industrial complex of Cubatao in Brazil is known as the Valley of Death because its pollution has destroyed the trees and rivers nearby.

The hottest planet in the solar system is Venus, with an estimated surface temperature of 864 F (462 C).

One-tenth of the Earth's surface is always under the cover of ice. And almost 90 per cent of that ice is to be found in the continent of Antarctica.

Monaco is the Highest Density Country of the world, 16,205 people per square k.m. live in Monaco.

The gravity on Mars is 38% of that found on Earth. So a 100 pounds person on Earth would weigh 38 pounds on Mars.

American Roy Sullivan has been struck by lighting a record seven times.

The blue whale, Balaenoptera musculus, is the largest known animal ever to have lived on sea or land. Individuals can reach more than 110 feet and weigh nearly 200 tons, more than the weight of 50 adult elephants.

Earth's oceans are an average of 2 Miles deep

The people who live on Tristan da Cunha are over 2,000km (about 1,300 miles) from their nearest neighbours on the island of St. Helena. That's nearly as far as Moscow is from London.

The largest recorded snowflake was 15in wide and 8in thick. It fell in Montana in 1887.

Only 11 percent of the earth's surface is used to grow food.

The age of the earth is Loudly proclaimed by the scientific establishment of evolution believers and the mass media as being around 4.6 billion years old.

The temperature of Earth increases about 36 degrees Fahrenheit (20 degrees Celsius) for every kilometer (about 0.62 miles) you go down.

Antarctica is the highest, driest, and coldest continent on Earth.

The most dangerous animal in the world is the common housefly. Because of their habits of visiting animal waste, they transmit more diseases than any other animal.

The water that falls on a single acre of land during one inch of rainfall, it would weigh 113 tons that is 226,000 pounds.

The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system.

Tibet is the highest country in the world. Its average height above sea level is 4500 meters.

The Peregrine Falcon around 200mph (320 km/h) is the fastest bird on the planet, the top speed recorded is 242.3mph (390 km/h).

The largest eggs in the world are laid by a shark.

At least 1,000 million grams, or roughly 1,000 tons of material (dust) enters the atmosphere every year and makes its way to Earths surface.



Life began in the seas 3.1 billion to 3.4 billion years ago. Land dwellers appeared 400 million years ago, a relatively recent point in the geologic time line.

Rain has never been recorded in some parts of the Atacama Desert in Chile.

In 1783 an Icelandic eruption threw up enough dust to temporarily block out the sun over Europe.

Total fertility rate of the world is 2.59 children born/woman. Niger is 7.46 (highest), India is 2.73, US is 2.09 & Hong Kong is 0.95 only (Lowest).

A 1960 Chilean earthquake was the strongest earthquake in recent times, which occurred off the coast, had a magnitude of 9.6 and broke a fault more than 1000 miles (1600 kilometers) long.

The flower with the world's largest bloom is the Rafflesia arnoldii. This rare flower is found in the rainforests of Indonesia. It can grow to be 3 feet across and weigh up to 15 pounds.

Nearly 70 percent of the Earth's fresh-water supply is locked up in the icecaps of Antarctica and Greenland. The remaining fresh-water supply exists in the atmosphere, streams, lakes, or groundwater and accounts for a mere 1 percent of the Earth's total.
Lake Bosumtwi in Ghana formed in a hollow made by a meteorite.

The Pacific Ocean has an average depth of 2.4 miles (3.9 kilometers).

The highest temperature produced in a laboratory was 920,000,000 F (511,000,000 C) at the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor in Princeton, NJ, USA.

About 70% of the world's fresh water is stored as glacial ice.

The Antarctic ice sheet is 3-4 km thick, covers 13 million sq km and has temperatures as low as -70 degrees centigrade.

There is no land at all at the North Pole, only ice on top of sea. The Arctic Ocean has about 12 million sq km of floating ice and has the coldest winter temperature of -34 degrees centigrade.

There are between 100,000,000,000 and 1,000,000,000,000 stars in a normal galaxy.

The coldest temperature ever measured on Earth was -129 Fahrenheit (-89 Celsius) at Vostok, Antarctica, on July 21, 1983.

Baikal Lake in Russian Fed. is the deepest lake (5315 ft) in the world.

The distance from the surface of Earth to the center is about 3,963 miles (6,378 kilometers).

Luxembourg is the richest country of the world, the gross national product (GNP) of Luxembourg is $45,360.
Lake Baikal is about 20 million years old and contains 20 percent of Earth's fresh liquid water.

Blue whales are found throughout the world's oceans, the lifespan is estimated to be 80 years & population is between 1300 & 2000 only, its dangerously low.

The Skylab astronauts grew 1.5 - 2.25 inches (3.8 - 5.7 centimeters) due to spinal lengthening and straightening as a result of zero gravity.

The world's windiest place is Commonwealth Bay, Antartica with winds regularly exceeding 150 miles per hour.

The oceans contain 99 percent of the living space on the planet.

Earth is referred to as the BLUE PLANET. Because from space, the oceans combined with our atmosphere make our planet look blue.

The origin of the word "volcano" is derives from Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.

El Azizia in Libya recorded a temperature of 136 degrees Fahrenheit (57.8 Celsius) on Sept. 13, 1922 - the hottest ever measured.

The temperature of Earth near the center, its thought to be at least 7,000 degrees Fahrenheit (3,870 Celsius).

The warmest sea in the world is the Red Sea, where temperatures range from 68 degrees to 87.8 degrees F depending upon which part you measure.

Continents are typically defined as landmasses made of low-density rock that essentially floats on the molten material below. Greenland fits this description.

The Largest Ocean of the World is the Pacific Ocean (155,557,000 sq km), It covers nearly one-third of the Earth's surface.

Australia, (7,617.930 sq km) is widely considered part of a continental landmass, not officially an island. But without doubt it is the largest island on the planet, and when combined with Oceania, the smallest continent on Earth.

About one-third surface of the Earth's land is desert.

Chile (Africa) is the driest place on Earth, gets just 0.03 inches (0.76 millimeters) of rain per year.

The EARTH has over 1,200,000 species of animals, 300,000 species of plants & 100,000 other species.

The lowest dry point on earth is the Dead Sea in the Middle East is about 1300 feet (400 meters) below sea level.

The total water supply of the world is 326 million cubic miles (1 cubic mile of water equals more than 1 trillion gallons).

Scientists estimate that more than three-quarters of Earth's surface is of volcanic origin, that is, rocks either erupted by volcanoes or molten rock.

Total fertility rate of the world is 2.59 children born/woman

The largest meteorite crater in the world is in Winslow, Arizona. It is 4,150 feet across and 150 feet deep.

About 20 to 30 volcanoes erupt each year, mostly under the sea.

Mars days are 24 hours and 37 minutes long, compared to 23 hours, 56 minutes on Earth.

Earth is the only planet on which water can exist in liquid form on the surface.

The World's largest hot desert is the Sahara in North Africa, at over 9,000,000 km, it is almost as large as the United States.

The top three countries have the greatest number of historically active volcanoes are Indonesia, Japan, and the United States in descending order of activity.

Some of the oldest mountains in the world are the Highlands in Scotland . They are estimated to be about 400 million years old.



Lake Mead is the largest man-made lake and reservoir in the United States. Formed by water impounded by Hoover Dam, it extends 110 mi (180 km) behind the dam, holding approximately 28.5 million acre feet (35 km³) of water.

The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean, covers 64 million square miles (165 million square kilometers). It is more than two times the size of the Atlantic.

The Sahara Desert in northern Africa is more than 23 times the size of southern California's Mojave Desert.

Laika (dog) became the world's first space traveler. Russian scientists sent the small animal aloft in an artificial earth satellite in 1957.

The red planet "Mars" takes 687 Earth-days to go around the Sun, compared to 365 days for Earth.

The dormant volcano Mauna Kea (on the Big Island of Hawaii) could be considered the tallest mountain in the world. If you measure it from its base in the Hawaiian Trough (3,300 fathoms deep) to its summit of 13,796 feet, it reaches a height of 33,476 feet.

English is the second most spoken language (Native speakers 512 million) & the first is Chinese Mandarin (more then 1 billion speakers).

Shanghai, China is the largest city by population (13.3 million) in the world.

The eruption of Tambora volcano is the world's deadliest Volcano in Indonesia in 1815 is estimated to have killed 90,000 people.

The Nile River in Africa is the longest river (6,825 kilometers) of the earth

Birth Rate of Hong Kong is the lowest (7.29/1000) & Niger is highest (50.73/1000) .

The world's largest island is Greenland, it covers 840,000 square miles (2,176,000 square kilometers).

United Arab Emirates is only the country where death rate 2.11/1000 (deaths/1,000 population) is lowest (2009 est.) in the world.

Northern Mariana Islands is only the country where death rate (2.29/1000) is lowest in the world.

Mount Everest 8850 meter (29035 ft) Nepal/China is the tallest mountain.


* Diameter: 12,800 km.

* Atmosphere: Mainly nitrogen 78.084% Nitrogen,  20.946% Oxygen. The other small parts include Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Helium,    Hydrogen, Methane.

* Natural Satellites: 1 - the Moon

* Earth Year: 365 days (rotation around the sun)

* Earth Day: 24 hours

* Surface: 71% of Earth's surface is covered in water.

* Temperature Range: -69?C to 58?C.

* Age: more than 4.5 billion years old.

* Average Distance from Sun: 149,597,870 km (93 million miles)

* Average distance from Earth to Moon: 384 000 km (238 607 miles). The Moon orbits Earth in 27.3217 days.

* Tilt: 23.45?/font>

* Orbits the Sun: Speed of 107,870 km per hour (67,027 miles) per hour.

* Name: Comes from old English and German.


1. Mount Everest is the highest point on the surface.
2. The largest volcano on earth is Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii.
3. The longest river is the Nile River in Africa is 6,695 kilometers (4,160 miles) long.
4. The driest place on Earth is the Atacama Desert in Chile.
5. Grand Canyon is the world's largest canyon.
6. Caspian Sea is the largest lake in the world by size and volume. It is located between southeast Europe and west Asia.
7. The Sahara Desert in northern Africa is the world’s largest desert.
8. The world’s deepest lake is Lake Baikal in the south central part of Siberia is 5,712 feet (1.7 kilometers) deep.
9. Greenland is the world’s largest island. Note: Australia is a continent.
10. Coldest temperature was minus 89.2 °C (-128.5?F) in Vostok, Antarctica, 1983. The highest temperature was 58°C (136.4?F) at Al'Aziziyah, Libya, on 13th September 1922.

The Earth is the biggest of all the terrestrial planets. A terrestrial planet is a dense planet found in the inner Solar System. The diameter of Earth is 7,926 miles. The circumference measured around the equator is 24,901 miles. There are currently almost 7 billion people living on the Earth. About 30% of the Earth's surface is covered with land, while about 70% is covered by oceans.

 

Earth (or the Earth) is the third planet from the Sun, and the densest and fifth-largest of the eight planets in the Solar System. It is also the largest of the Solar System's four terrestrial planets. It is sometimes referred to as the World, the Blue Planet,or by its Latin name, Terra.
Earth formed 4.54 billion years ago, and life appeared on its surface within one billion years.


Here are some quick Earth facts, browse our Earth Facts categories to see more.

Age: 4.6 billion years old.

Position: 3rd planet from the sun.

Size: 5th largest planet in our solar system.

Surface Area: 197 million square miles, about 70 percent of the Earth's surface is covered with water.

Diameter: The Earth has an average diameter of 12,742 kilometers (7,926 miles).

Average Temperature: The temperature at the Earth's core is estimated to be between 5000 and 7000 degrees Celsius.

Length of Year: 365.25 days

Inclination of Axis: The Earth's axis has a tilt of about 23 ½ degrees. It is this tilt which causes the seasons.

Chemical Composition: The Earth is made mostly of iron, oxygen, silicon, magnesium, nickel and sulfur: 34.6%  Iron, 29.5%  Oxygen, 15.2%  Silicon, 12.7%  Magnesium, 2.4%  Nickel, 1.9%  Sulfur, 0.05% Titanium

Largest and Deepest Ocean: The Pacific Ocean is both the Earth's largest and its deepest ocean. The Pacific Ocean covers an area of 166,241 square kilometers (166,241,000 square miles). At its deepest, it is 10,920 meters (35,826 feet) deep.

Highest Mountain: The highest mountain on Earth is Mount Everest, in China and Nepal. 8,8,48 meters (29,028 feet )

Longest River: The Nile, in Africa is the Earth's longest river. It is 6,695 kilometers (4,160 miles) long.

Largest Lake: The Caspian Sea, in Europe and Asia. 2,1765,000 square kilometers (839,999 square miles)

Largest Island: Greenland, in North America, is the largest island on Earth. It has an area of 2,175,600 square kilometers (839,999 square miles).

 

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