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asia continent


     Asia Continent

Asia Continent ::-- Asia Overview|| Asia History || Asia Geography ||Asia Countries || Asia World Heritage Site ||

Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.6% of the Earth's total surface area (or 29.9% of its land area) and it hosts 60% of the world's current human population. The western boundary, with Europe, runs roughly north-south along the eastern Ural Mountains; the Caspian, Black, Aegean, and Mediterranean seas; the Suez Canal; and the Red Sea. Mountains and plateaus predominate on the continent, with the highest mountains located in Central Asia and north of the Indian subcontinent. Terrain features include Earth’s highest peak, Mount Everest, at 29,035 ft (8,850 m), and the lowest natural point, the Dead Sea, at 1,312 ft (400 m) below sea.

Asia is traditionally defined as part of the landmass of Eurasia—with the western portion of the latter occupied by Europe—located to the east of the Suez Canal, east of the Ural Mountains and south of the Caucasus Mountains (or the Kuma-Manych Depression) and theCaspian and Black Seas.

Asia, one of the seven continents, is the world's largest continent. Asia is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean on the east, on the west by the landmass known as Eurasia, by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Arctic Ocean on the north. Asia is the most populous continent in the world, having over four billion people. That is, statistically, the continent is home to more than 60% of the world's current population.

Countries in Asia

1.Afghanistan – Kabul 28.Kyrgyzstan – Bishkek
2.Armenia – Yerevan 29.Laos – Vientiane
3. Azerbaijan – Baku 30.Lebanon – Beirut
4.Bahrain – Manama 31.Macau
5.Bangladesh – Dhaka 32.Malaysia – Kuala Lumpur
6.Bhutan – Thimphu 33.Maldives – Malé
7.British Indian Ocean 34.Mongolia – Ulaanbaatar
8.Brunei – Bandar Seri Begawan 35Myanmar – Naypyidaw
9.Cambodia – Phnom Penh 36Nepal – Kathmandu
10.China– Beijing 37Oman – Muscat
11.Taiwan 38.Pakistan – Islamabad
12.Christmas 39.Palestinian territories
13.Cocos 40.Philippines – Manila
14.Cyprus– Nicosia 41.Qatar – Doha
15.Georgia – Tbilisi 42.Saudi Arabia – Riyadh
16.Hong Kong 43.Singapore – Singapore
17. India – New Delhi 44.Sri Lanka – Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte
18.Indonesia – Jakarta 45.Syria – Damascus
19.Iran – Tehran 46.Tajikistan – Dushanbe
20.Iraq – Baghdad 47.Thailand – Bangkok
21.Israel – Jerusalem 48.Timor-Leste – Dili
22.Japan – Tokyo 49.Turkey – Ankara
23.Jordan – Amman 50.Turkmenistan – Ashgabat
24.Kazakhstan – Astana 51.United Arab Emirates – Abu Dhabi
25.North Korea  – Pyongyang 52.Uzbekistan – Tashkent
26.South Korea – Seoul 53.Vietnam – Hanoi
27.Kuwait – Kuwait City 54.Yemen – Sana'a

Asian History
Asia was one of the primary birthplaces of world civilization. Asian people have had, throughout the long river of human history, a brilliant culture. As early as 3000 BC, Asians had learned cooking and pottery, and used fire to smelt ore. The first phase of their transition from nomadic to settled life involved farming, irrigation, and domestication of livestock, and they later invented the wheel, paper, gunpowder, printing, the compass, and Arabic numerals. Before the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century, most of the world's major technological achievements originated in Asia, and Asia has made great contributions to the world economy. In the 18th century, Western colonialism and imperialism led Western countries to invade many Asian countries, colonizing and semi-colonizing them. Since World War II, these countries have freed themselves from the yoke of colonialism, declaring their independence.

asia continent

Asian Terrain
Asia's high altitude base fluctuates in the middle of high terrain, surrounded by lowlands, uplands, and sunken white. The average altitude is about 950 m, with mountains, plateaus and hills about three-quarters of the total area. Asia has the world's highest peak, Mount Everest; the world's highest plateau, the Tibet Plateau; the world's lowest depression, the Dead Sea; the deepest lake, Lake Baikal; the world's largest lake, the Caspian Sea; the world's largest peninsula, the Arabian Peninsula; and the world's largest archipelago, the Marx and Lenin Islands .

Asia Climate
Parts of southeast Asia and East Asia are temperate and subtropical humid monsoon regions, while the rest of Southeast Asia and South Asia area humid tropical monsoon areas and Central Asia, West Asia and East Asia are arid regions. Low winter temperatures predominate in most parts of Asia, with the average temperature of the coldest month below 0 ℃ in half the region. In the North, it is cold year-round, with less rainfall. The East has a temperate monsoon climate, with a hot and rainy summer and a cold and dry winter. Central and western Asia have a temperate continental climate, with less rainfall, more desert, and great differences between summer and winter day and night. In the southern tropics, it is hot year-round, with tropical monsoon and tropical rain forest climates. The western Mediterranean coast has the Mediterranean climate, with warm summers and dry winters.

Asia is home to several language families and many language isolates. Most Asian countries have more than one language that is natively spoken. For instance, according to Ethnologue, more than 600 languages are spoken in Indonesia, more than 800 languages spoken in India, and more than 100 are spoken in the Philippines. China has many languages and dialects in different provinces.Some of the major languages of Asia are Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Hindi and Javanese. English is considered as an international language. The various religions practiced in Asia are Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Christianity, Taoism, Zoroastrianism and Shintoism. A few largest cities of Asia are Seoul, Mumbai (Bombay), Jakarta, Tokyo, and Shanghai. The Asian countries are divided broadly into South Asia, North Asia, East Asia and West Asia regions.
Almost all Asian religions have philosophical character and Asian philosophical traditions cover a large spectrum of philosophical thoughts and writings. Indian philosophy includes Hindu philosophy and Buddhist philosophy. They include elements of nonmaterial pursuits, whereas another school of thought from India, Cārvāka, preached the enjoyment of material world. Christianity is also present in most Asian countries.(read more)